Bone Marrow Aspirate
Amnion is the sac which encloses a developing fetus. Amniotic fluid is the protective media which surrounds it. These have been found to be an excellent source of stem cells or precursor cells that have the ability to multiply and transform into cells of any tissue. Amnion and amniotic fluid may be obtained from a donor during gestation or at birth and developed into a biologic therapy agent in liquid form which may be cryopreserved for later use. Additionally, it contains growth factors, proteins and other extracellular components which facilitate the healing process, reduce inflammation and act as a scaffold for new tissue growth. Liquid amnion is used to treat wounds, soft tissue defects and joint conditions. It may be applied topically or injected into deep tissues.
Bone marrow contains a high number of stem cells or precursor cells that have the potential to replicate and transform into cells of any tissue. It may be aspirated and concentrated to form a biologic therapy agent that is particularly useful for the healing of bone, cartilage, and tendon. It also contains growth factors, progenitor cells, platelets and white blood cells which aid the healing process. The aspirate is usually drawn from the iliac bone in your hip or from your shin bone. It is then concentrated in a centrifuge machine and injected directly into the desired area to promote healing.